When we are talking about restorative dentistry, most of it concerns fixing chipped or broken teeth and damaged gums. Restorative Dentistry is the study, diagnosis and integrated management of diseases of the oral cavity, the teeth and supporting structures. It includes the rehabilitation of the teeth and the oral cavity to functional, psychological and aesthetic requirements of the individual patient, including the co-ordination of multi-professional working to achieve these objectives.
Restorative dentistry encompasses the dental specialties of Endodontics, Periodontics and Prosthodontics (fixed and removable) and its foundation is based upon the interaction of these specialties in cases requiring complex, multi-faceted care.
To treat a cavity your dentist will remove the decayed portion of the tooth and then “fill” the area on the tooth where the decayed material was removed. Fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse (such as from nail-biting or tooth grinding).
WHAT TYPES OF FILLING MATERIALS ARE AVAILABLE?
Image showing silver filling done on a tooth
Today, several dental filling materials are available. Teeth can be filled with gold; porcelain; silver amalgam (which consists of mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper); or tooth-colored, plastic, and materials called composite resin fillings. At Happy Dental Hospital, we offer a range of options that are both cost effective and durable. Our doctors practice minimal invasive dentistry thereby ensuring that only the decayed portion of the tooth is removed while restoring the lost part with tooth colored fillings to give your smile a natural look
WHAT IS A ROOT CANAL?
A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form. In addition to an abscess, an infection in the root of a tooth can also cause: • Swelling that may spread to other areas of the face, neck or head • Bone loss around the tip of the root • Drainage problems extending outward from the root; a hole can occur through the side of the tooth with drainage into the gums or through the cheek with drainage into the skin
HOW PAINFUL IS A ROOT CANAL?
Root canal procedures have the reputation of being painful. Actually, most people report that the procedure itself is no more painful than having a filling placed.
WHAT ARE ROOT CANAL ALTERNATIVES?
The only alternative to a root canal is having the tooth extracted and replaced with a bridge, implant or removable partial denture to restore chewing function and prevent adjacent teeth from shifting. These alternatives are more expensive than a root canal, and also require more treatment.
WHAT IS A DENTAL CROWN ?
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped “cap” that is placed over a tooth — to cover the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and improve its appearance. The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.
WHY IS A DENTAL CROWN NEEDED?
A dental crown may be needed in the following situations:
- To protect a weak tooth (for instance, from decay) from breaking or to hold together parts of a cracked tooth
- To restore an already broken tooth or a tooth that has been severely worn down
- To cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn’t a lot of tooth left
- To hold a dental bridge in place
- To cover misshaped or severely discolored teeth
- To cover a dental implant
- To make a cosmetic modification
WHAT’S INVOLVED IN GETTING A CROWN ON MY TOOTH?
Most dental crowns require two visits to your dentist. First Visit : Preparing the tooth The tooth receiving the crown is filed down along the chewing surface and sides to make room for the crown. The amount removed depends on the type of crown used. If, on the other hand, a large area of the tooth is missing (due to decay or damage), your dentist will use filling material to “build up” the tooth to support the crown. After reshaping the tooth, your dentist typically will use a paste or putty to make an impression of the tooth to receive the crown. Second Visit : Placing the crown At the second visit, your dentist will check the fit and color of the permanent crown. If everything is acceptable, a local anesthetic will be used to numb the tooth and the new crown is permanently cemented in place.