Preventive dentistry is the modern way of helping you keep a healthy mouth. It helps to avoid bad breath, cavities, gum disease, enamel wear and other dental problems. Survey suggest that decay and gum disease are the two main causes of tooth loss. So, The better you prevent; the more chance you will have of keeping your teeth for life. Preventing dental disease starts at home with good oral hygiene, and a balanced diet. It is continued in the dental office by the efforts of your dentist and dental hygienist to promote, restore, and maintain your oral health. Prevention helps avoid serious and costly dental problems and is the key to having a healthy, confident and beautiful smile.
Prevention also includes regular dental exams, cleanings, and X-rays. Sealants and fluoride are also great preventive treatments that help protect the teeth.
WHAT IS FLUORIDE THERAPY ?
Fluoride therapy is the use of fluoride for medical purposes. It is certainly important for infants and children between the ages of 6 months and 16 years to be exposed to fluoride. This is the timeframe during which the primary and permanent teeth come in. However, adults benefit from fluoride, too. New research indicates that topical fluoride — from toothpastes, mouth rinses, and fluoride treatments — are as important in fighting tooth decay as in strengthening developing teeth.
IN WHAT FORMS IS FLUORIDE AVAILABLE?
Fluoride Varnish Being Applied to a Child’s Teeth
Your dentist can apply fluoride to the teeth as a gel, foam, or varnish. These treatments contain a much higher level of fluoride than the amount found in toothpastes and mouth rinses.
At Happy Dental Hospital, fluoride therapy is administered in a resin-based application which is designed to stay on the surface of the teeth for several hours. As this varnish rests on the tooth’s surface, saliva dissolves the fluoride salt, which in turn allows fluoride ions to be released and absorbed by the teeth and soft tissues. Later, the fluoride is re-released into the oral cavity from these reservoirs which acts as protection for the teeth against cavities.
WHAT ARE DENTAL SEALANTS?
Dental sealants are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces; the back teeth have fissures (grooves) and some front teeth have cingulum pits. It is these pits and fissures which are most vulnerable to tooth decay, partly because food sticks in them and they are hard-to-clean areas. Dental sealants are materials placed in these pits and fissures to fill them in, creating a smooth surface that is easy to clean. Dental sealants are mainly used in children who are at higher risk of tooth decay, and typically they are placed as soon as the adult molar teeth come through.
HOW ARE SEALANTS APPLIED?
Applying the sealant is a simple and painless process. It takes only a few minutes for your dentist or hygienist to apply the sealant to seal each tooth. The application steps are as follows:
- First, the teeth that are to be sealed are thoroughly cleaned.
- Each tooth is then dried and cotton or another absorbent material is put around the tooth to keep it dry.
- Sometimes, an etching solution is put on the chewing surfaces of the teeth to roughen them up, which helps the sealant bond to the teeth. Other sealants do not require this step.
- The teeth are then rinsed and dried.
- Sealant is then painted onto the tooth enamel, where it bonds directly to the tooth and hardens. Sometimes, a special curing light is used to help the sealant harden.