Every year most people suffer from the unpleasant effects of dental pain or toothache in their lifetime. Severe dental pain can be incapacitating, however low grade, chronic dental pain is tolerable. But the early warning signs should never be ignored. In both cases, you must immediately make a dental appointment for diagnosis and treatment by a dentist.

The teeth and the tooth attachments may give rise to painful symptoms as a result of decay, abscess or gum disease. The pain may vary from a fleeting sensitivity, sensitivity to hot and cold that may indicate an early decay; to acute throbbing pain caused by advanced decay and a dental abscess, in which it may be impossible to touch the teeth or chew food. In dentistry, the management of pain includes a number of procedural issues, like the use of anesthetic and the management of postprocedural pain, pain diagnosis, management strategies for orofacial conditions that cause pain in face and head.


Pain is classified as followed:

1.Dental/Facial Pain
There some factors that may simulate toothache in people who have good oral hygiene and excellent teeth. Like sinusitis, this can cause pain on one or both sides of the face. Trigeminal (facial) neuralgia also can cause stabbing dental pains. Deep-seated aches in jaws may also indicate the presence of a disease.

2. Post-operative Pain

Post-operative Pain occurs following a dental treatment. It is common to have Post-operative Pain after a large and deep filling or dental extraction. The degree of pain is related to the damage caused to dental tissues, like the surgical removal of an impacted wisdom tooth can result in several days of pain or discomfort. Patients must therefore take suitable medication and follow procedures aimed at promoting rapid healing to reduce the discomfort. In majority of cases medication will not be required for more than 3 days, however in rare cases the post-operative pain may last for more than 10 days.


Toothache occurs when the innermost layer of the tooth becomes inflamed as a result of:

  1. Tooth Decay – In which, holes (cavities) are formed on the hard surface of tooth.
  2. A cracked tooth – the crack is often so small that it can’t be seen with the naked eye.
  3. Loose or broken fillings.
  4. Receding Gums – where gums shrink to expose softer sensitive parts of the tooth root.
  5. Periapical Abscess – a collection of pus at the end of the tooth caused by a bacterial infection.

The best way to avoid getting toothache and other dental problems is to keep your teeth and gums as healthy as possible: Follow the given habits to have a healthy and good oral hygiene:

  1. Limit your intake of sugary foods and drinks – you can have these as an occasional treat and only at mealtimes
  2. Brush your teeth twice a day – use a toothpaste that contains fluoride. You should Gently brush your gums and tongue as well as clean between your teeth using dental floss and. If necessary, use a mouthwash.
  3. Don’t smoke – smoking makes dental problems worse.
  4. Make sure you have regular dental check-ups – preferably with the same dentist. The time between check-ups can vary, depending on how healthy your teeth and gums are and your risk of developing future problems. Your dentist will suggest when you should have your next check-up based on your overall oral health. Children should have a dental check-up every six months so tooth decay can be spotted and treated early.

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