WHAT IS MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY?
Maxillofacial Surgery includes diagnosis and treatment of patients with diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, face and neck. The maxillae are two bones that come together at the roof of your mouth to form the upper jaw in humans. Maxillofacial surgeons can treat both functional and aesthetic problems associated with the face and jaw, as well as procedures to treat disorders such as TMD/TMJ and malocclusion.
Common maxillofacial surgery procedures:
- Corrective Jaw Surgery
- Treatment for TMJ Disorders
- Sleep Apnea Treatments
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Head & Mouth Cancers
- Emergency Care and Acute Treatment for Facial Trauma
- Bone Grafting or Pre-Prosthetic Surgery
WHAT IS TMJ?
The temporomandibular (tem-puh-roe-mun-DIB-u-lur) joint (TMJ) acts like a sliding hinge, connecting your jawbone to your skull. You have one joint on each side of your jaw. TMJ disorders — a type of temporomandibular disorder or TMD — can cause pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.
The exact cause of a person’s TMJ disorder is often difficult to determine. Your pain may be due to a combination of factors, such as genetics, arthritis or jaw injury. Some people who have jaw pain also tend to clench or grind their teeth, although many people habitually clench or grind their teeth and never develop TMJ disorders.Image illustrating TMJ pain syndrome
Signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders may include:
- Pain or tenderness of your jaw
- Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints
- Aching pain in and around your ear
- Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
- Aching facial pain
- Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR
Seek medical attention if you have persistent pain or tenderness in your jaw, or if you can’t open or close your jaw completely. Your doctor, your dentist or a TMJ specialist can discuss possible causes and treatments of your problem.
Jaw surgery, also known as orthognathic (or-thog-NATH-ik) surgery, corrects irregularities of the jaw bones and realigns the jaws and teeth to improve the way they work. Making these corrections may also improve your facial appearance.
Jaw surgery may be a corrective option if you have jaw problems that can’t be resolved with orthodontics alone. In most cases, you also have braces on your teeth before surgery and during recovery after surgery until healing and alignment are complete. Your orthodontist can work with your oral and jaw and face (maxillofacial) surgeon to determine your treatment plan.
Jaw surgery is appropriate after growth stops, usually around ages 14 to 16 years for females and ages 17 to 21 years for males.
Image illustrating “Open bite”, “Overbite” and “Underbite” conditions where jaw correction surgery is needed
Correcting alignment of your jaws and teeth with jaw surgery can result in:
- Balanced appearance of your lower face
- Improved function of your teeth
- Health benefits from improved sleep, breathing, chewing and swallowing
- Improvement in speech impairments
Secondary benefits of jaw surgery may include:
- Improved appearance
- Improved self-esteem
If you have further questions regarding maxillofacial surgery, book your free consultation appointment online or just give us a call at 092468 50015. You can also visit us at our hospital in Nizamabad today.